IP addresses stand for Internet Protocol address. An IP address is an address being used to recognize any device linked to the network and the internet using TCP/IP; different options are available for the devices as these devices can be routers, computers, Smartphone, tablets, etc. For example, the number “126.96.36.199″ is an instance of an IP address. These addresses permit data to contact to the preferred destination on a network and the Internet.
Categorically there are two types of IP addresses. These are IPv4 and IPv6.
An IPv4 address is made of 32 bits represented by 4 numbers separated by periods. Each number will be a numerical digit between zero and 255. For example, 188.8.131.52 is an example of an IPv4 address. It is a numerical label allocated to each device contributing in a computer network that applies the Internet Protocol for contact.
With an IPv4 IP address, there are 5 classes of available IP ranges: These are Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D and Class E. Each class permits a typical range of valid IP addresses:
- Class A: 184.108.40.206 to 220.127.116.11 chains 16 million hosts on each of 127 networks.
- Class B: 18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124 chains 65,000 hosts on each of 16,000 networks.
- Class C: 126.96.36.199 to 188.8.131.52 chains 254 hosts on each of 2 million networks.
- Class D: 184.108.40.206 to 220.127.116.11 set aside for multi-cast groups.
- Class E: 0.0.0 to 254.255.255.254 set aside for future use, for R&D purpose.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the latest version of the Internet Protocol (IP). It is the communication protocol that offers a recognition and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic all over the Internet. IPv6 is planned to replace IPv4.
IPv6 provides some technical benefits in addition to a larger addressing space. Specifically, it works on hierarchical address allotment method that assists in aggregation of route across the Internet, and thus limits the expansion of routing tables.
Permanent Vs. dynamic IP address
An IP address can be a static or a dynamic IP address. A static IP address is a consistent Internet address and will never change. A dynamic IP address amends every time whenever a device gets connected to the internet: therefore a dynamic address is counted as a temporary address.
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